rwanda genocide timeline
The following is a partial chronology of significant events surrounding the 1994 Rwandan genocide. Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana is assassinated when a rocket propelled grenade strikes the plane carrying him and Burundi president Cyprien Ntaryamira, following negotiations related to the Arusha Accords.
The conflict started on April 6, 1994, when a plane carrying Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu, was shot down. Under the cover of war, Hutu extremists launched their plans to destroy the entire Tutsi civilian population.
-Between April and July, 800,000 Rwandans were slaughtered. The characteristic tool of the Rwandan genocide was an everyday machete. -UN forces were present, but were powerless to intervene.-The massacres of 1994 led to two million refugees to flee to Zaire, Burundi and Tanzania.
8 April: The Tutsi Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) launches a major offensive to end the killings and rescue 600 of its troops based in Kigali under the Arusha Accords. 9-10 April: French, Belgian and American civilians are rescued by their governments.
December 9, 1948 -The United Nations passes a resolution which both defines genocide and declares it a crime under international law. 1959 -A Hutu rebellion begins against the Tutsis and Belgians. January -1961 The Tutsi monarchy is abolished. July 1, 1962 -Rwanda gains its independence.
Timeline October 1, 1990 – Tutsi rebel group the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), formed largely from descendants of Rwandans who fled Hutu purges in 1959, invades Rwanda from Uganda. October 3, 1993 – Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana signs a peace deal known as the Arusha Accords, with the RPF in Arusha, Tanzania.
The Rwandan genocide , also known as the genocide against the Tutsi , was a mass slaughter of Tutsi , Twa , and moderate Hutu in Rwanda , which took place between 7 April and 15 July 1994 during the Rwandan Civil War . Rwandan genocide Part of the Rwandan Civil War Human skulls at the Nyamata Genocide Memorial Location Rwanda Date 7 April – 15 July 1994 Target Tutsi population, Twa , and ...
A great massacre began, such as Africa had not seen for a long time. The peasants set fire to the households of their lords, slit their throats, and crushed their skulls. Rwanda flowed with blood; the peasants, often for the first time in their lives, could eat as much meat as they wished.
The Rwandan government began the long-awaited genocide trials at the end of 1996. The delay was due to the fact that the country had lost most of its judicial personnel, not to mention the...
The genocide was sparked by the death of the Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu, when his plane was shot down above Kigali airport on 6 April 1994. A French judge has blamed current Rwandan President, Paul Kagame - at the time the leader of a Tutsi rebel group - and some of his close associates...
The Rwandan genocide occurred in the context of the civil war, which had begun in 1990. The Hutu majority massacred the Tutsis over a 100-day period from April 7 to mid-July 1994. The total number of people killed during the conflict constituted up to 70 percent of the entire Tutsi population.
August 1993 Up until this point the UN has been reluctant to say that the happenings in Rwanda were a "genocide", but now they agree that it could be. They decide to send 5,500 troops to help but are delayed as the UN and the USA cannot agree the method of payment. June 22nd,
23 June 1994 – France announce their intention to send a temporary peace-keeping mission to Rwanda and on this day, the first French troops arrive to support UNAMIR under General Dallaire. 1 July 1994 – The UN Security Council considers whether the events in Rwanda constitute ‘possible acts of genocide’.
The Outreach Programme on the Rwanda Genocide and the United Nations has created a timeline of the events leading up to - and after - the Rwandan genocide. Twenty years ago, it is said that one person died every 10 seconds over a period of 100 days as genocidal government troops joined by armed militia swept through the country.